minayu416

2 minute read

我希望今天能夠把server端寫好

明天就能開始規劃我的client端怎麼寫

今天的邏輯

我打算用架在虛擬機的django/templates來建立我的需求跟測試

然後利用templates的html寫我的views.py跟model.py

接著實際測試,測試過後,就開始開發我的Desktop Client端,再接起來


考量到我的client端會有幾次動作(views)

我的temlates就要寫幾頁,而對應到我的views就要寫幾個處理程序

那麼今天的工作開始吧!

我已經找好回傳資料庫的指令了

但還沒常識

https://stackoverflow.com/questions/23560665/how-to-insert-data-into-table-using-django

viwes.py

<code><span class="kwd">def</span><span class="pln"> pramod</span><span class="pun">(</span><span class="pln">request</span><span class="pun">):</span>
     <span class="kwd">if</span> <span class="str">'pname'</span> <span class="kwd">in</span><span class="pln"> request</span><span class="pun">.</span><span class="pln">GET </span><span class="kwd">and</span><span class="pln"> request</span><span class="pun">.</span><span class="pln">GET</span><span class="pun">[</span><span class="str">'pname'</span><span class="pun">]:</span><span class="pln">
         p1 </span><span class="pun">=</span><span class="pln"> request</span><span class="pun">.</span><span class="pln">GET</span><span class="pun">[</span><span class="str">'pname'</span><span class="pun">]</span>
     <span class="kwd">if</span> <span class="str">'address'</span> <span class="kwd">in</span><span class="pln"> request</span><span class="pun">.</span><span class="pln">GET </span><span class="kwd">and</span><span class="pln"> request</span><span class="pun">.</span><span class="pln">GET</span><span class="pun">[</span><span class="str">'address'</span><span class="pun">]:</span><span class="pln">
        p2 </span><span class="pun">=</span><span class="pln"> request</span><span class="pun">.</span><span class="pln">GET</span><span class="pun">[</span><span class="str">'address'</span><span class="pun">]</span><span class="pln">
     books </span><span class="pun">=</span> <span class="typ">Publisher</span><span class="pun">(</span><span class="pln">name</span><span class="pun">=</span><span class="pln">p1</span><span class="pun">,</span><span class="pln">address</span><span class="pun">=</span><span class="pln">p2</span><span class="pun">)</span>
     <span style="color:#ff0000;"><span class="pln">book</span><span class="pun">.</span><span class="pln">save</span><span class="pun">()</span></span></code><code><span class="pun">
</span></code><code><span class="kwd">return</span><span class="pln"> render</span><span class="pun">(</span><span class="pln">request</span><span class="pun">,</span> <span class="str">'Publisher.html'</span><span class="pun">,{</span><span class="str">'books'</span><span class="pun">:</span><span class="pln"> books</span><span class="pun">})</span></code>

https://docs.djangoproject.com/en/dev/ref/models/instances/#what-happens-when-you-save

Screen Shot 2018-04-27 at 1.45.43 PM

Screen Shot 2018-04-27 at 1.50.44 PM

我昨天初步寫了一個很簡單的html來作為測試的test檔

Screen Shot 2018-04-27 at 2.23.55 PM

但我發現我想開發的應該是一開始先請學生丟學號,最後才會讓他們上傳兩個檔案

所以我應該要寫成兩段式兩頁

  • 第一頁:輸入學號,回傳資料庫 並回傳學號到介面端

  • 第二頁:驗證學生是login的(或者有此學號),回傳兩個檔案(可以的話把兩個檔案的名稱改成學號)

功能一開始先寫出來

之後再慢慢的一次一次去改

要馬上立刻全部寫出功能一氣呵成,其實是不太可能的事情

而這點也是指導老師每次訓練我們都訓練的

  1. 初步功能先出來

  2. 聽客戶需求

  3. 做第二階段的功能+根據客戶需求作修改

  4. 和客戶討論

  5. 做第三階段的功能+依據客戶需求再作修改

  6. 一步一步來然後確定

  7. 結案

也許這樣也算是敏捷開發的一個環節(?

因為一次把功能全部做完,萬一被客戶打槍又要全部重做

就像每次問指導老師,他都很愛每週變一個新梗XD,以前被操的時候,都被他給操翻了XD


上面題外話了,所以我打算做兩頁html作為client端測試

先寫好server端的傳送


17:50

我做了三頁,然後卡了蠻多問題,因此做一個紀錄

很明顯進度有點拖到了,但我還新增跟學到很多東西XD

我添增了幾個功能

我改成做三頁html來測(因為我本來就想在桌機版寫三個步驟)

所以3個html會對應到views裡的 3個def(處理動作)

第一頁一樣是表單請學生填學號

然後我使用了這樣的方法

View.py

<code><span class="kwd">def</span><span class="pln"> pramod</span><span class="pun">(</span><span class="pln">request</span><span class="pun">):</span>
     <span class="kwd">if</span> <span class="str">'pname'</span> <span class="kwd">in</span><span class="pln"> request</span><span class="pun">.</span><span class="pln">GET </span><span class="kwd">and</span><span class="pln"> request</span><span class="pun">.</span><span class="pln">GET</span><span class="pun">[</span><span class="str">'pname'</span><span class="pun">]:</span><span class="pln">
         p1 </span><span class="pun">=</span><span class="pln"> request</span><span class="pun">.</span><span class="pln">GET</span><span class="pun">[</span><span class="str">'pname'</span><span class="pun">]</span>
     <span class="kwd">if</span> <span class="str">'address'</span> <span class="kwd">in</span><span class="pln"> request</span><span class="pun">.</span><span class="pln">GET </span><span class="kwd">and</span><span class="pln"> request</span><span class="pun">.</span><span class="pln">GET</span><span class="pun">[</span><span class="str">'address'</span><span class="pun">]:</span><span class="pln">
        p2 </span><span class="pun">=</span><span class="pln"> request</span><span class="pun">.</span><span class="pln">GET</span><span class="pun">[</span><span class="str">'address'</span><span class="pun">]</span><span class="pln">
     books </span><span class="pun">=</span> <span class="typ">Publisher</span><span class="pun">(</span><span class="pln">name</span><span class="pun">=</span><span class="pln">p1</span><span class="pun">,</span><span class="pln">address</span><span class="pun">=</span><span class="pln">p2</span><span class="pun">)</span>
     <span class="pln">book</span><span class="pun">.</span><span class="pln">save</span><span class="pun">()</span></code><code><span class="pun">
</span></code><code><span class="kwd">return</span><span class="pln"> render</span><span class="pun">(</span><span class="pln">request</span><span class="pun">,</span> <span class="str">'Publisher.html'</span><span class="pun">,{</span><span class="str">'books'</span><span class="pun">:</span><span class="pln"> books</span><span class="pun">})</span></code>

本來是用save()的方法來回傳我get的資料

後來被學弟打槍

所以我改成

p1 = Publisher.objects.create(pname=request.GET['pname'])




def pramod(request):
    if 'pname' in request.GET and request.GET['pname']:
        p1 = Publisher.objects.create(pname=request.GET['pname'])
        render_to_response('se_test.html',locals())

怕看不懂,我貼一下,其實這是官方網站付的例子

Model.py

<code>class Publisher(models.Model):
    name = models.CharField(max_length=30)
    address = models.CharField(max_length=50)
    city = models.CharField(max_length=60)
    state_province = models.CharField(max_length=30)
    country = models.CharField(max_length=50)
    website = models.URLField()

    def __str__(self):
        return self.name</code>

Test.html

<form action="/<code><span class="pln">pramod</span></code>/" method="get">
 <label for="<code><span class="pln">pramod</span></code>">您的學號</label>
 <input id="pname" type="text" name="pname">
 <input type="submit" value="送出">
 </form>

簡單來說中間save()那段學弟直接用一行代替

p1 = Publisher.objects.create(pname=request.GET['pname'])

並且回傳p1值到第二個html: se_test.html


第二頁其實我只是要讓學生看一下一些說明資訊

然後按一個button到下一頁才開始

但這裡卡了許多,有些許憤怒XD

因為我不知道怎麼把第一頁Get的值留到第三頁

所以搞笑的自己加了一堆功能

和學弟討論後,我決定把之後會回傳的兩個檔案改成用Boolean紀錄

新增紀錄檔案Boolean欄位

只要學生有回傳檔案,我就將資料欄位改成True

所以我在Model新增了

file1_check = models.BooleanField(default=False)
file2_check = models.BooleanField(default=False)

這兩個主要是到後面學生有上傳哪個檔案,就將哪個檔案的註記改成True

方便我之後看資料庫可以直接看

資料庫新增時間欄位

順手在我的Model新增了時間

import datetime
from django.utils.timezone import now




date_time = models.DateTimeField(default=datetime.datetime.now)

這邊我就設定為學生輸入學號的同時新增他的時間戳記

https://stackoverflow.com/questions/5945525/django-datetimefield-has-no-default-value-error

這是如何設定default才不會在migrations的時候報錯

抓取Client IP(尚未新增)

https://stackoverflow.com/questions/4581789/how-do-i-get-user-ip-address-in-django/16203978#16203978

老師本來要我抓ip當第二個戳記,但我還沒做!


接著我才終於試出來怎麼將第一頁的值留到第三頁

http://www.webtech.tw/info.php?tid=96

在第二頁html,將按鈕改成表單

然後在用隱藏屬性隱藏剛剛有GET的資料

se_test.html

<form action="/test2/" method="get">
 <label for="test2">哈囉~~~~~~{{r1}}</label>
 <input type="hidden" name="pname" value="{{r1}}">
 <h1>Notice</h1>
 <p>This is some Notice, Please read it! <br>
 if done, you can press NEXT botton and start your points add.</p>
 <input type="submit" value="NEXT">
 </form>

views.py

def test2(request):
r2 = Record.objects.get(pname=request.GET['pname'])

(至於r1有沒有用到我就不知道了XD因為不知道這裡的get到的值是哪來的哈哈!!)

接著按下按鈕到第三頁這樣寫就show出來啦!

Th_test.html

哈囉~~~{{r2}}

所以這邊是利用隱藏表單的方式將值隱藏起來一路帶到最後


今天雖然沒有完成本來該完成的進度

但卻也新增不少功能,希望明天能研究出第三頁的寫法

因為第三頁我預計的功能會比較複雜一點

然後就準備將本來templates的功能用桌機代替

希望下週能完成,然後就準備輸入測試資料

再不弄我怕來不及QQ

雖然內心很慌張,但是慌張還是沒有用的

每天有進度比較重要!!!!


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